FOB Meaning What Does FOB Stand For What is shipping point


In that case, just know what method to use as an international trader. Well, FOB is one of the most commonly used terms for international trade. This is because this method offers some of the most effective terms for shipping costs. For that reason, it happens to be convenient for most shippers as well as receivers.


As a seller, when you send the shipment via a third-party carrier like UPS, you should use a bill of lading. You are therefore the one who will be required to file a claim so as to be reimbursed. The seller must deliver the goods to the port of origin within the agreed upon duration.

FOB Shipping Point vs. FOB Destination: What’s the Difference?

FOB Shipping Pointmeans that ownership to the merchandise is transferredto the buyer upon shipment thereof. Unlike FOB shipping point, FOB destination, indicates that the ownership of goods is not transferred to the buyer until they arrive at their destination. This means that the shipment will be delivered to your point of destination without any additional fees as the seller covers taxes and/or import duty. The FOB destination is often used in international sales contracts but can also be used to be more specific about when or where the seller must deliver. Freight shipping has been a fundamental part of the global economy.

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Depending on how frequently the buyer or seller maintains the title of goods throughout the shipping process, several important costs must be considered and covered. As mentioned, the buyer assumes responsibility for all shipping costs from the FOB address to the final FOB warehouse destination. If you’re the buyer, ensure your treasure chest is ready to cover those expenses. Before setting sail with the FOB shipping point, remember a few considerations.

Free On Board (FOB) Shipping: Meaning, Incoterms & Price in 2023

This is the point of primary transportation in which the buyer will now assume responsibility for the treadmills. The equipment manufacturer would not record a sale until delivery to the shipping point; it is at this point the manufacturer would record an entry for accounts receivable and reduce its inventory balance. As you might imagine, one FOB term or the other shifts risk of loss entirely to one party or the other.

FOB shipping stands for free on board which in some cases is referred to as Freight on board. Well, this is a set of Incoterms that tend to govern the party that owns as well as pays for shipments to overseas. In that case, FOB shipping point stand for a designation that is used to indicate when the ownership and liability of goods are transferred from the seller to the buyer. The prepaid freight agreement says that the seller is responsible for the freight charges until the order arrives at the buyer’s destination. Then, the seller sends an invoice to the buyer for reimbursement when the items are delivered. When products are received at the location the customer specifies, ownership passes from the seller to the buyer.

EXW. Ex Works, which only requires the retailer to get products ready to be shipped from its location. The buyer is responsible for making any settlements for the shipment and for picking the goods up. DES. Delivered Ex Ship, which requires the seller to deliver products to a particular shipping port, where the buyer will take delivery on arrival. Free on Board is to make it easier for shippers and carriers to understand who is responsible in the event that goods are damaged during transit.

  • In addition to the cost of overseas shipping, you must also keep the transport costs in mind.
  • DES. Delivered Ex Ship, which requires the seller to deliver products to a particular shipping port, where the buyer will take delivery on arrival.
  • Ship means a vessel of any type whatsoever operating in the marine environment and includes hydrofoil boats, air-cushion vehicles, submersibles, floating craft and fixed or floating platforms.
  • In this case, it helps to save up both money and time for the buyer.

Furthermore, FOB shipping point indicates that the buyer bears responsibility for freight costs. While domestic trade is straightforward, shipping to other countries is not as clear-cut, since the international trade laws you have to deal with will depend on which country you are shipping to or from. The buyer is charge of all costs after the goods are loaded onto the vessel at the port of shipment. In “FOB destination”, transfer happens when the cargo is retrieved from the transport on arriving at the buyer’s location. Any costs incurred for loading the goods on to the cargo ship are also the seller’s responsibility.

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But there are some finer points to know, and you may see these terms on your invoice or bill of lading. A related but separate term, “CAP,” (customer-arranged pickup) is used when the contract is for the buyer to arrange transport via a carrier of their choice, to retrieve the goods from the seller’s premises. Company A buys watches from Vietnam and signs a FOB Newark agreement. The shipment is sent to Newark, New Jersey, and the watches are damaged in transit. The seller is responsible and either must deliver new watches or reimburse Company A if they’ve already purchased the products. The point of FOB shipping point terms is to transfer the title to the goods to the buyer at the shipping point.

When running a business, it’s important to understand the value that each customer brings to your company. This value is commonly known as Lifetime Value or LTV, which is the amount of revenue a customer generates… The seller fulfills all obligations up until the goods are placed at the buyer’s disposal at their premises.

Customer-arranged pickup, in which the buyer arranges to have the goods picked up from the seller’s location and assumes responsibility for them at that time, may replace any FOB conditions. In this circumstance, the billing staff must be notified of the changed delivery conditions so they do not charge freight to the consumer. Unloading and transporting the goods from the port of origin to the final destination. The FOB shipping point is an important term to understand in a contract, as it can significantly affect how much you pay for packing materials and insurance. Destination contract, the buyer is only responsible for the costs of getting the freight to their desired location from the final port. Destination agreement, the seller retains ownership of the goods up until the point where the goods have reached their final destination.

Note that the transport costs do not just cover the distance between the shipping point and a port in the country you are shipping them to . As a seller, one way to deal with this is estimating the cost and choosing the freight prepaid route, in which case the cost gets included in the purchase. The increase in shipping costs is caused by the fact that the goods are being shipped a longer distance. In the case of FOB shipping point, the sale becomes complete when the shipment is sent off.

Ex Works is a shipping arrangement in international trade where a seller makes goods available to a buyer, who then pays for transport costs. When it comes to the FOB shipping point option, the seller assumes the transport costs and fees until the goods reach the port of origin. For example, assume Company ABC in the United States buys electronic devices from its supplier in China, and the company signs a FOB shipping point agreement. If the designated carrier damages the package during delivery, Company ABC assumes full responsibility and cannot ask the supplier to reimburse the company for the losses or damages. The supplier is only responsible for bringing the electronic devices to the carrier. The FOB Destination terms also apply to the cost of shipping and the responsibility for the goods.

What is the FOB Shipping Point?

As I have said that FOB shipping point means that the buyer must make a financial commitment in advance. A refrigerator is a pricey purchase, so the buyer must be prepared to fork out a substantial amount of the money up front. Nowadays, if you want to buy something, the easiest way to find it is online. Ecommerce is big business, a wave that has revolutionized most industries. You must therefore ensure that you are aware if any documentation required for the type of goods you are sending as well as for the country you are sending the goods to.

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This means that the seller is the responsible party and must undertake the cost of any damages or extra fees incurred during the delivery process. Only once goods have arrived at the final shipping destination should they be reported as a purchase and as inventory by the buyer. Equally, only once the goods reach the destination will the seller record it as a sale and an increase in accounts receivable. Since the computers were shipped to the FOB destination, Dell is responsible for the damage during the shipping process. The goods were never delivered to XYZ, so Dell, in this case, is fully liable for the computer damages and would have to file a claim with its insurance company.

This is also the moment that the supplier should record a sale since they’re taking ownership at the receiving dock. It’s common for high-value goods to be sent via FOB destination designation. That allows the buyer to ensure they arrive in good condition and can be inspected upon receipt. The seller retains liability until the buyer accepts the goods, ownership, and liability at the receiving dock, office or agreed-upon place of transfer, after inspecting for damage. With FOB shipping point, the buyer pays for shipping costs, in addition to any damage during shipping. The buyer is the one who would file a claim for damages if needed, as the buyer holds the title and ownership of the goods.

FOB shipping point is a shipping term determining when the buyer takes ownership and responsibility for goods in transit. Understanding who is responsible for shipping costs and potential risks and liabilities is essential when using FOB shipping points. Proper documentation and communication are also crucial to ensure a smooth shipping process.

Let’s Talk FOB Shipping Points

In such a case, the seller will have to provide the buyer with a new shipment. Therefore, as you imagine how great it is to export goods and you may not have to pay for the freight charges beyond the port. Just know that this may reduce risks but totally denies you control.

Therefore, the double entry accounting can save money, in case the goods get damaged or lost in transit. When such cases occur, it is the customer’s responsibility to file a claim. This gives the business protection, in the event of a failed payment after the business has already paid for the transportation. In addition to the cost of overseas shipping, you must also keep the transport costs in mind. According to the generally accepted accounting principles , a business cannot record revenue until the transfer of risks and rewards of the goods from the seller to the buyer. If you are a seller using FOB destination and you are shipping using a third-party carrier such as US Postal Service or UPS, consider getting insurance on any expensive goods that you ship.

ownership and liability

Domestic shipments in Canada and the US will often operate with a different meaning that is specific to North America and not consistent with the Incoterms standards. For instance, if goods are designated as “FOB Miami” it means the seller is responsible for the cost of transporting the goods to the port of Miami. And in that case, it has become almost inevitable for the supply chains to exist in a country without purchasing or selling products and the raw materials from foreign countries. FOB Shipping Pointmeans freight on board the place from which DexCom ships the Products to Distributor.

The term “Freight On Board” is not mentioned in any version of Incoterms, and is not defined by the Uniform Commercial Code in the USA. Further to that, it has been found in the US court system that “Freight On Board” is not a recognized industry term. Use of the term “Freight On Board” in contracts is therefore very likely to cause confusion. The phrase passing the ship’s rail is no longer in use, having been dropped from the FOB Incoterm in the 2010 revision. This article will dive deep into FOB shipping points and why they’re crucial in the shipping industry. If anything happens to the goods on any leg of the journey to the buyer, the supplier assumes all responsibility.

Should any of the goods get damaged or lost during shipment, it is the buyer, not the seller who should file any claims for reimbursement. How many products of the products you use in your daily life have been made outside your country? Well, when an order is labeled as FOB Origin it simply means that any transfer of responsibility or ownership happens only when the goods leave the hands of the seller. Since the buyer takes possession of the items at its receiving dock, that is also where the seller should document a transaction. With the advent of e-commerce, most commercial electronic transactions occur under the terms of “FOB shipping point” or “FCA shipping point”. Sometimes FOB is used in sales to retain commission by the outside sales representative.

However, the seller may charge the buyer for these transportation costs. In most cases, without a free onboard destination agreement, the shipper/seller will probably record a sale as soon as goods leave their shipping dock, irrespective of the delivery terms. Thus, the impact of FOB destination shipping terms is determining who bears the risk during transit and pays for the freight expense. The FOB shipping point price does not generally include shipping, as that is typically paid by the seller. With a FOB destination point contract, the contract is a delivered price, with the transportation cost figured into the final contract.

fob destination

Thus, the sale is recorded when the shipment leaves the seller’s facility, and the receipt is recorded when it arrives at the buyer’s facility. This means there is a difference between the legal terms of the arrangement and the typical accounting for it. The transportation department of a buyer might insist on FOB shipping point terms, so that it can take complete control over the delivery of goods once they leave a supplier’s shipping dock. The buyer is not responsible for the goods during transit; therefore, the buyer often is not responsible for paying for shipping costs. The buyer is also able to delay ownership until the goods have been delivered to them, allowing them to do an initial inspection prior to physically accepting the goods to note any damages or concerns. The fitness equipment manufacturer is responsible for ensuring the goods are delivered to the point of origin.






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